Knowledge repository

Your open access to knowledge on how to change the extractive sector towards sustainability. Navigate through the industry- and policy practices, training materials, reports, and much more.

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Integration and linkage of Sweden's Minerals Strategy to other policy sectors

Particularly coordinating actions of the Minerals Strategy with other national policy strategies’ actions (e.g. new industrialisation strategy) is a prerequisite for streamlining and harmonising different policy sector’s efforts.

Social openness and responsibility (in mining and land use policy in Portugal)

The General Directorate for Energy and Geology (DGEG, Portuguese Mining Authority) fosters a land use planning policy that clearly includes mineral resources in harmonization with other uses of rural soil (recognizing their parity and co-existence with other natural resources), avoiding conflicts in the use of soil, and preventing uses that might compromise/sterilise the current and future access to deposits and known mineral occurrences.

In situ bioleaching (ISL) process

Introduction of a practice not currently used in Europe (ISL) to mine deep copper deposits while also reducing environmental and social impacts.

National policies for hydraulic fracturing

ISL (in situ leaching) requires hydraulic fracturing, which has known risks: Triggering of seismic events, selection and use of large amounts of chemicals, disposal of large amounts of wastewater, large number of drilling sites, potentially high methane emissions, etc.

Global industry standard on tailings management

This practice addresses the industry standard on tailings management as the ultimate industry goal is to achieve zero harm to people and the environment. To achieve these goals, operators need to guarantee the safety of tailing facilities and disclose relevant information for public accountability.

BIOMOre Stress Tests

Mines or waste management facilities can be confronted with extreme conditions and events. What precautions can be taken to be adequately prepared for such events?

A practical guide to consistent water reporting

This practice addresses consistent water reporting due to its standard as fundamentally critical resource in industries, communities and for the natural environment. In particular in water stressed areas, water depended industries are facing increasingly intense scrutiny. One of the affected industries is the mining and metals industry considering its high water dependency.

South Australia's and the US's in situ leaching legislation

As in situ leaching (ISL) does not yet exist in Europe, South Australia's and the US's legislation provides good practices that could be introduced to Europe.

ICMM's integrated mine closure

ICMM's Integrated mine closure: good practice guide offers guidance to members and other mining companies with the aim of promoting a disciplined approach to integrated closure planning and increasing the uniformity of best practices. As with the previous version, guidance is provided on critical aspects of mine closure through an iterative process, beginning with knowledge gathering, engagement and planning.

Measures in legislation to provide safety protection from stimulated in situ bioleaching

Legislation must include specific measures related to in situ bioleaching to ensure environmental, health and safety protection.

Building resilience in the mining and metals industry

This practice addresses the construction of resilience in the mining and metals industry. A changing climate will have a wide range of implications for the mining and metals sector. Extreme weather events and long-term changes in climate patterns will impact fixed assets and disrupt supply chains. Members of the ICMM are concerned with water management, facilities with long lifespans for which design criteria may include climate-related assumptions, as well as how climate change may impact closures and closure processes

Good practice guidance on occupational health risk assessment

This practice addresses the need for guidance on occupational health risk assessment. A healthy workforce is key to the success of mining and metals companies, and ICMM company members are driven to protect the health and well-being of workers and local communities by ICMM's Sustainable Development Principle 5. Workforce protection must address 'zero harm' - ensuring an environment in the workplace that fosters the recognition of occupational illnesses as preventable.

Financial guarantees for proper closure of In Situ Leaching operations

The lack of financial guarantees for proper closure in the event of bankruptcy.

Archived open-access exploration information

To ensure available high quality geological information

Recycled water by Tailing Thickening

The practice is addressing the process of tailing thickening to enhance the reusage of water at the process plant. If this practice is not used, the water consumption of the power plant causes high costs, water scarcity for the surrounding areas and water loss from evaporation. By implementing a tailing thickening stage at the power plant and reusing water such problems could be immensely decreased. Drakelands Mine was mentioned as an example.

Active support mechanism for use of geological data

The need to have a support mechanism and inclusion of expertise for using geological data.

Geological data and land use planning

Using geological data in land use planning.

Map of Potentially Exploitable Resources

To inform authorities of which geological resources are avaiilable in their territory by defining the varieties of exploitable resources and their locations.

Determining Workers at Risk

Outlining the types of workplace monitoring and control considered best practice across the Platinum Group Metals (PGM) industry

Stakeholder Frames for the Social License to Operate

To better understand what issues are key to address across Europe to build Social License to Operate. Frame 1: The Company Works with the Local Community / Frame 2: Mining is Accepted and Contributes to Society / Frame 3: Social License to Operate Grounded in Effective Legislation and Regulation / Frame 4: Local Self-Determination and Partnerships / Frame 5: Self-Governing Industry

Waste Management by Dry Stacking

This waste management strategy is used to store filtered tailings which reduces the environmental footprint but brings additional operational and transportation costs.

Planning the participatory process

The first step of an effective stakeholder involvement is to plan the purpose and the process of participation. The plan covers the roles and activities of people included in the process.

Who are important stakeholders and how to involve them

The practice helps policy planners and representatives of industry first, to identify stakeholders and second, it provides useful tools for grouping the stakeholders according to their roles.

National/Regional guidance on incorporating the Mineral deposits of public importance concept and qualifying conditions

The practice provides guidance on how to incorporate the concept of Mineral Deposits of Public Importance (MDoPI) into national/regional/EU minerals and land-use planning policy frameworks. The document analyses good practices in the field of minerals policy from different regions in Europe and provides recommendations for further improvement of those practices.


The document presents improvements to the current means of strategic management of mineral raw materials across EU member states. It suggests improvements to existing policy commitments and approaches, and recommends the European Commission to encourage member states to implement the Mineral Deposits of Public Importance (MDoPI) framework and enable MDoPI to contribute to the sustainable development goals.

Stakeholder Mapping and Stakeholder Frames

Understanding who the stakeholders are for a project tends to be based on what people do; however, people's opinions and their decisions are largely influenced by personal values. The development of the Stakeholder Frames is intended to supplement traditional stakeholder mapping by introducing what people value when they consider granting a Social License to Operate.

Recycling of Neodymium (NdFeB) magnets

NdFeB magnets need to be separated from hard disc drives and other equipment to enable further processing and several new pre-treatment options have recently been developed by private companies

CEWASTE Assurance and Verification system (general purpose)

While there are existing normative requirements to enable CRM (critical raw materials) recycling and ensure it is done sustainably, only if operators of WEEE (Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment) and batteries waste facilities comply with them will they make a difference.

Assurance system to ensure the conformity with CEWASTE requirements

To ensure the conformity of facilities with CEWASTE requirements.

MINING WITH NATURE: The Swedish mining and minerals industry’s road map for biodiversity net gain

Together with Swedish mining companies, SVEMIN launched a Mining with Nature (2019-2020) roadmap for increased consideration of biological diversity in mining projects. The goal is to create sustainable practices and solutions that help the Swedish mining industry contribute positively to biodiversity in all regions where operations occur.

Establishing the World Forum on Raw Materials

There is a need to structurally improve international cooperation and for improved raw materials governance at the global level.

Baseline mapping of existing initiatives on raw materials

The need for a structured approach to identify and group existing initiatives, data availability and relevant stakeholders


The report proposes detailed criteria to identify and describe Mineral Deposits of Public Importance (MDoPI). It does so by analysing the current methods for identifying MDoPIs in Austria, Sweden, Poland and Portugal, and based on the learnings, proposes improved methods which are described in detail in this document. The report also proposes criteria which would need to be applied in the EU Member states in order to delineate MDoPIs. The detailed criteria cover the following dimensions: Geological Knowledge, Technical and Economic, Competing Land Use, and Societal. The proposed method is then applied to Poland as an experiment case study.

Communication and interaction between companies and local communities

The practice is addressing the need for communication between local actors and company stakeholders in order to obtain and maintain a Social License to Operate. It is further a good approach to prevent any sort of conflict regarding mineral exploration.

State of the art of artificial intelligence in mining and milling industry

Intelligent systems which have emerged from the field of Artificial Intelligence are currently being reviewed as software tools for mining companies to deal with the pressure of globalization and environmental standards. The use of intelligent technologies has been integrated well into the mining industry in form of algorithms, artificial networks and agent-based softwares.

United Nations Framework Classification for Resources (UNFC)

The United Nations Framework Classification for Resources as practice is tackling the lack of harmonised data at European level. This practice is not meant to replace national systems but rather to add it rather thought of as central point for EU level compilation.

Passive seismic tomography using surface-wave extraction

The practice is addressing the relatively new technique that uses recorded seismic noises in order to improve exploration efficiency at depth. In contrast to active seismic methods, the passive seismic approach is cheaper, less environmentally destructive and more efficient method. The passive method using surface wave extraction has been used to for regional tomographic imaging to provide information on near-surface geological structures at a local scale.

Advanced Mine Monitoring Control, Operation and Safety System for Small Scale Mines

The current challenge in mining sector is that companies use many different systems, platforms and technologies, and it is difficult to integrate a new technology into such a diverse system. In addition, sometimes SMEs find it difficult to commit to technological implementations. Small to medium scale enterprises (SME) are competing with global companies that can lower their production costs by introducing larger machineries into operation. Real-Time-Mining aims to enhance information flow along SMEs’ planning and production activities and introduces a new Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system to enhance SMEs’ competitiveness in the mining sector. The first part of the report presents the necessity of introducing a middleware to allow cross-manufacturer integration of mining technology into superordinate systems in an economical manner. The second part presents the technical realisation of physical and logical data transmission and gives a brief introduction to the technical background of SCADA systems.

Closure, Restoration & Aftercare Management Plan

In order to make the Mine closure process easier, the Closure, Restoration and Aftercare Management Plan, or CRAMP, was created. Throughout the procedure (active and passive closure, and aftercare) this strategy ran continually. Every year, all of the CRAMP paperwork were reviewed and updated as necessary.

Stakeholder Engagement Protocol

The practice introduces a Stakeholder Engagement Protocol which is meant to help with establishment of close day-to-day working connections to potential future customers, collaborators or investors of UNEXMIN project’s final product and UNEXMIN technology.

Sustainability Integrated Management System (SIMS)

All Eldorado sites must meet the minimum performance-based standards set forth by the Sustainability Integrated Management System (SIMS) of Eldorado in the areas of occupational health and safety, environmental performance, social performance, security, and general management of sustainability topics.

Electric vehicles – Rechargeable batteries and electric traction motors

Rechargeable batteries and electric traction motors are affecting the future demand of critical raw materials. Li-ion batteries will not satisfy the needs for the increasing demand for higher energy density and power density batteries. Therefore, solid-state batteries with solid electrolytes are considered to be an emerging technology due to improving safety and high power density and energy. Electric traction motors are the other key component of EVs. Many EVs employ rare earth permanent magnet to achieve high performance. NdFeB based permanent magnet is the most commercially important permanent magnet.

Sustainability Materiality Approach

According to the definition given by the GRI Standards, a "material subject" is one that represents the Company's major economic, environmental, and social consequences or one that has the potential to materially affect the opinions and choices of all stakeholders. Eldorado's comprehension of material concerns is shaped by the externally oriented notion of materiality provided by the GRI Standards. To choose the subjects that will be covered in their yearly sustainability report, they perform materiality evaluations on a rolling three-year basis.

Concrete recycling in France

This practice addresses a method to deal with construction and demolition waste, which is one of the heaviest and most voluminous waste streams generated. The production of cement requires a big amount of energy, releases huge amounts of carbon dioxide and is an irreversible process which is required to produce concrete. This approach focuses on recycled concrete aggregates which can be used for structural concrete applications.

Recycling of end-of-life batteries from electric vehicles

The practice is addressing the increasing demand for lithium-ion batteries. The manufacturing of these batteries requires raw materials which face supply risks. The focus of this practice lies on the recycling of of the lithium-ion batteries at the end of their life cycle to recover raw materials.

Eldorado Gold's Performance Targets

Eldorado works to incorporate sustainability into its operations and sets ambitious targets for sustainability performance, management, and governance each year.

Training modules to co-create materials with local communities

The ILUCIDARE Training Modules brings together research and the needs for clear and easy understandable co-creation material.

Transparency for building trust - local community of interest committees

Eldorado depends on the relationships it has with its stakeholders, from the early phases of exploration to the final reclamation and rehabilitation of a mine site, to make sure that the opportunities brought about by its activities result in socially inclusive and sustainable growth. The most noticeable social, environmental, and economic effects of Eldorados' operations are felt most acutely in the nearby towns. They make a concerted effort to support the development objectives of their host communities and governments by maintaining open and transparent communication, offering competitive wages and benefits, giving preference to local procurement, paying their fair share of taxes and royalties, and investing in community programs and infrastructure.


The aim of the document is to share best practices for mineral exploration activities. The practices will consider socioeconomic and environmental aspects as well as the newest technology. The practices defined will then be implemented to the project reference sites in Spain, Germany and Finland.

Eldorado's Community Investment

Assets belonging to Eldorado are spread over several countries, each of which has distinct social and cultural traits. Similar to how their initiatives vary in size and kind across Eldorado's operational locations, each project has a unique influence on society, the environment, and the economy.