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Social and Human Rights Impact and Risk Analysis (SHIRA)

  • Health and safety
  • Land-use planning
  • Permitting processes / policy integration
  • Reporting official statistics
  • Socio-economic and environmental impact assessments

Challenge the practice is addressing: Social and Human Rights Impact and Risk Analysis (SHIRA) is a tool developed for the identification, prioritisation, and mitigation of adverse social and human rights impacts and risks. It is to be implemented in all AngloAmerican projects across the mine life cycle to prevent and assess the negative impacts on local communities and other external stakeholders.

Concrete practice to achieve the expected goal: The Social Way Toolbox provides information on how to plan (review context, understand stakeholder perspectives), do (conduct SHIRA as part of the Operational risk management process, assess the situation and parties affected), check (monitor and evaluate) and to act (adjust, report) in order to implement SHIRA accordingly. Social Consequence Matrix is a tool that helps users to make judgements about the social consequences of recurring incidents. It helps them to recognise and assess the significance of negative social impacts on the affected party, to evaluate the vulnerability as well as resilience of the person or place in question, and to consider how difficult it is to restore or remediate those impacted to their prior situation.

Expected impact/goal of the practice: To function as a tool to identify, prioritise and mitigate adverse social and human rights impacts and risks in all projects across the mine life cycle.

Who is the target user group of the practice/intervention or implementing the practice/intervention? Mining companies, primarily the Social Performance teams.

3C: Social and Human Rights Impact and Risk Analysis (SHIRA)
Data item type
Practice base
Practice type
Learning relevance
Unspecified (universally applicable)
Extractive life-cycle
Pre-exploration (land-use planning)
Pre-exploitation / development stage (e.g. feasibility study)
Exploitation phase
Post-exploitation phase (i.e. rehabilitation)
Sustainability scope
Human rights
Cultural heritage and FPIC
Ethical practices
Diversity, inclusion & anti-discrimination
Holistic management and continuous learning